May 27, 2012

More Memorials: How We Remember Together, Part Two

Yesterday I posted several photos and links of memorial statues. Today, I've found more to share with you. Some may be familiar already, others not. All, I think, are worth considering. Today I thank those for envisioning, funding, creating, erecting, and maintaining these public memorials.

Memorials to the Attacks on the United States, September 11, 2001

The Firemen’s Memorial, situated along Riverside Drive at West 100th Street, is one of the most impressive monuments in New York City. The monument was designed by H. Van Buren Magonigle (1867-1935), and its sculptures are attributed to Attilio Piccirilli (1866-1945).
Thank you to Nilesite on Open Salon who suggested this memorial.

The kneeling fireman statute honors 9/11 first responders. Photo by Nicole Guzzardi
“The Kneeling Fireman,” at 6 E. 43rd St. in Midtown is dedicated to the firemen, police officers and all first responders who served during the 9/11 attacks.

During the decade-long period of healing, people in towns across America have been erecting memorials to the nearly 3,000 victims of the 9/11 terror attacks. There are some 700 recorded memorials in the U.S. and more are underway or planned. Most of them are in New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, home to the majority of the victims. Others are hundreds of miles away, such as one in North Dakota. 

Boston College 9/11 Memorial Labyrinth 
Photo: Boston College

The Memorial Labyrinth on the lawn of Burns Library is the brainchild of Father William P. Leahy, S.J., president of Boston College. Fully financed by the university, the 300-yard long, 28-loop labyrinth is an exact replica of the one in the France's Chartres Cathedral, where for centuries pilgrims walk the pathway to pray, meditate and reflect.

The labyrinth, symbolic of the journey to the holy land, is dedicated to the 22 Boston College alumni killed in 9/11, with their names etched on the stone. One of the victims is Welles Crowther, also known as the “Man in the Red Bandanna,” who guided his co-workers to safety and lost his own life.

Greenport, N.Y.

Osprey Memorial “Morning Call” 
Photo: Robert Bessin

Memorial to World War II

Eternal Flame Memorial, WW II

Memorial to World War I

Burning endlessly in remembrance of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, the Eternal Flame Memorial stands just across the street from the Hawaii State Capitol Building.

World War One
French stained glass memorial window to an infantry soldier, Paris
Photo by GFreihalter. From Wikipedia:

Memorial to Victims of Lockerbie Bombing, Scotland

Lockerbie Memorial:

A large stained glass memorial window to the 270 victims is located in council chamber of Lockerbie Townhall.
The six panels, three small and three large, shows the flags of the 21 nations affected by the disaster.

Memorial to Victims of Rwanda Genocide

In April 2004, on the 10th Anniversary of the genocide that split Rwanda apart, the Kigali Memorial Centre was inaugurated. The Centre provided an opportunity to offer a place in which the bereaved could bury their families and friends, and over 250,000 victims of the genocide are now buried at the site - a clear reminder of the cost of ignorance.

Memorial to Victims of Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina Memorial, Biloxi, Miss.

Memorials to Soldiers of the American Civil War

Returned soldier monument: An 1867 marble statue depicting a Civil War cavalry officer being greeted by a young girl stands outside Connecticut’s home for veterans in Rocky Hill. The statue was sculpted by Larkin Goldsmith Mead, a New Hampshire native who moved to Italy. Some of his other public works include the statues on Abraham Lincoln’s tomb in Springfield, Ill.

The Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Memorial Arch in Hartford, CT’-and-sailors’-memorial-arch-hartford/
A Bushnell Park archway with two towers and a life-sized frieze honors Hartford’s Civil War veterans.
The 1886 Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Memorial Arch features two medieval towers alongside an archway that spans Trinity Street. A dedication on the east tower (the right tower as you stand with your back to the Capitol building) reads, “In honor of the men of Hartford who served, and in memory of those who fell on land and on sea in the war for the Union, their grateful townsmen have raised this memorial.”
The west tower has a dedication plaque reading, “During the Civil War, 1861 – 1865, more than 4,000 men of Hartford bore arms in the national cause, nearly 400 of whom died in the service. Erected 1885.”

I included the above memorial because last year, when researching our family's genealogy, I learned that my ancestors helped found Hartford, Connecticut. So, information on this city has become interesting to me...

Memorial to the Soldiers of the Spanish-American War

"The Hiker" statue at Roosevelt Square, Main & Huron Streets, downtown Buffalo, 2009.
Spanish-American War
"The Hiker" statue was created by New York City sculptor Allen G. Newman (1875-1940); he copyrighted it in 1904. For a time it served as the official monument of the United Spanish War Veterans organization. The name "hiker" was the term infantry men used to address one another casually in the 19th century; "Hello, Hiker!" was a common greeting. Buffalo's statue was dedicated on May 29, 1920. Some other castings of Newman's "Hiker" statue are installed in Pittsburgh, PA; Ypsilanti, MI; Staten Island, NY; Southbridge, MA; Woonsocket, RI; Westerly, RI; Wichita, KS; Arlington National Cemetery, VA.

Memorial to U.S. Pioneers

Pioneer Mother
Located in the southwest quadrant of Capitol Square, this statue was dedicated on May 11, 1937. The memorial represents the confident and watchful pioneer mother protecting her children. It was donated by the Kansas Pioneer Women’s Association, founded by women who came to Kansas as pioneers or were daughters of early settlers.

Memorial to those shot at Kent State University in 1970

May 4, 1970 Memorial, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio
I attended Kent State from 1974-1978. These markers were not there at that time. I used to roll down this hill in the leaves in the fall. Sit on this hill to draw, to read, to visit with friends. In 1971-1972 I lived in Engleman Hall, very near this hill, the lilac bushes outside my window embedding within the young me a life-long love of that sweet, spring scent.
I have never seen these memorials in person. I wonder what it is like to see them on this hill.

Memorial to those who served in the Persian Gulf War

Bucks County Persian Gulf War Memorial Marker
Marker is on the south grounds of the Bucks County government complex, near the intersection of Main and Court Streets. Marker is in this post office area: Doylestown PA 18901, United States of America. 

Gulf War Memorial
See photos here:
This Memorial is the result of a grieving father's love; he wanted his son to always be remembered. So with the help of a determined committee we set out to not only honor Cumberland's native son PFC Brandon L. Davis, who was killed in action in Fallujah, Iraq, but all Americans who grieve for their fallen soldiers.
Today, memorials can take forms different than in past generations. 

Here are photo collections of the Armenian Deportation and Genocide (1915-1919) 

Hurricane Andrew Remembered, 20th Anniversary Book Project
World War II Overseas Scrapbook

“The Days of Used to Be”  Nov. 22, 1917; from: Scrapbook pages from the unbound scrapbook of an unidentified member of the 78th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army, on duty in France from the time of his departure from New York on May 19, 1918 to his return and discharge on May 29, 1919. World War I Scrapbook, Mss. Acc. 2009.309, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.

May 26, 2012

How We Remember Together: Public Memorials

For several years I have been interested in public memorials and how an artist, working with a community, implements his or her vision to permanently honor a specific person or event. On this Memorial Day 2012, I offer a few links, paragraphs, and photos of public memorials.
Franklin Roosevelt Memorial in Washington DC
“They (who) seek to establish systems of government based on the regimentation of all human beings by a handful of individual rulers… call this a new order. It is not new and it is not order.”

Depression-era Memorial, Bread Line. Located in the FDR Memorial in Washington, D.C. 
"The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little." -FDR

Naval Aviation Monument Park in Virginia Beach, Virginia

Korean War Memorial, Washington, DC

Designed by Frank Gaylord,[4] each larger than life-size, between 7 feet 3 inches (2.21 m) and 7 feet 6 inches (2.29 m) tall; each weighs nearly 1,000 pounds (500 kg). The figures represent a squad on patrol, drawn from each branch of the armed forces; fourteen of the figures are from the U.S. Army, three are from the Marine Corps, one is a Navy Corpsman, and one is an Air Force Forward Air Observer. They are dressed in full combat gear, dispersed among strips of granite and juniper bushes which represent the rugged terrain of Korea.[5]

Great Hunger Memorial, Westchester, New York

The Great Hunger Memorial was unveiled on June 24, 2001 at V.E. Macy Park in Ardsley to commemorate the suffering of millions of Irish peasants who died from the potato famine or were forced to leave their country.
The monument’s sculptor was Eamonn O’Doherty of Ireland.

Figures of Grief and History on the Peace Monument, Washington, DC

“The Nurse” by Roger Brodin, purchased by the Wisconsin Chapters of the Vietnam Veterans of America. The Highground, Neillsville, WI

Here is a link to a beautiful stone wall (I love stone walls) created by Tom Hendrix just south of the Tennessee-Alabama border. It is a memorial to his great-great-grandmother Te-lah-nay, a Native American evicted from her homeland at age 14 in The Trail of Tears.

National Japanese American Memorial Foundation
Japanese Crane Monument at the National Japanese American Memorial (Washington, D. C.), a bronze sculpture by Nina Akamu
(Note: I just finished reading “Buddha in the Attic” by Julie Otsuka. I think it is a wonderful literary memorial to those Japanese Americans interned during WWII.)

Here is the “Manila American Cemetery and Memorial” There are 17,206 military dead in the cemetery there. There are 2 hemicycles containing 24 pairs of fin walls. On the faces are inscribed the 36,279 missing in action military personnel. 
American Battle Monuments Commission

The Women of World War Two Memorial stands next to the Cenotaph in Whitehall and was sculpted by John Mills who was also responsible for the fire fighters memorial outside of St Paul's Cathedral. The memorial deliberately does not depict any individual women and is a tribute to all seven million who contributed to the war effort.  

The Sculpture of Love and Anguish: Holocaust Memorial in Miami Beach by Kenneth Treister, dedicated Feb. 1990

A slideshow of Holocaust Memorials from around the world.

Help build the Military Working dog Teams National Monument: Saluting dogs who have served since WWII.
Whistler’s Mother memorial in Pennsylvania.

Between Oct. 1939 and August 1941, 70,273 German and Austrian physically or mentally impaired patients were killed under Adolf Hitler’s orders (Action T4)

A plaque set in the pavement at No 4 Tiergartenstrasse commemorates the victims of the Nazi "euthanasia" program. Photo by w:en:User:Adam Carr, May 2006

For the above and the Pennhurst Memorial below, this photograph from those the Nazis killed says it all and represents a memorial of sorts as well.

Worth thinking about: The Pennhurst Memorial and Preservation Alliance
Fundraising campaign for the Harvey Pekar (author of “American Splendor”) memorial at the Cleveland Heights library.

Appeal to the Great Spirit, outside of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Sculptor Cyrus E. Dallin, 1909.

Fallen Astronaut is an 8.5 cm (slightly over 3") aluminium sculpture of an astronaut in a spacesuit which commemorates astronauts and cosmonauts who died in the advancement of space exploration. It is currently at Hadley Rille on the Moon, having been placed there by the crew of Apollo 15 on August 1, 1971.

The Gardener
Depth 5m, MUSA Collection, Punta Nizuc, Mexico.
Jason de Caires Taylor is the creator of the world's first underwater sculpture park located in Moilinere Bay, Grenada. The sculptures are located in a clear shallow waterway providing ideal access for divers, snorkelers and glass bottom boats.
His sculptures have created artificial reefs, and explore the relationship between modern art and the environment.

Additional memorials at "How We Remember Together: Public Memorials, Part Two."